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"Women's work" referred to work that was considered suitable for women and usually included the undervalued and unpaid labor of housekeeping and child-rearing. As recently as the 1960s, most women were limited to certain fields: paid domestic work, nursing, teaching, and secretarial work. Women who worked in alternative fields often didn’t get credit for their work. These examples from the Smithsonian collections prove women’s work is any work that women want to do!

Collection Objects

Discover the stories behind these objects or browse other collection items related to women and their work.

Book cover that reads "Blind Reading"

Solving Mail Mysteries

Teal electric corn grinder.

Concha Sanchez's American Journey

Woman cutting a yellow squash in a restaurant kitchen. Steam rises from a sink behind her. She wears a baseball cap.

Leah Chase, Queen of Creole Cuisine

Blue wool blouse; sleeveless; 6 hidden buttons down front; blue and gold 4 stripe captain insignia shoulderboards

The First Official Maternity Uniform for Pregnant Pilots

White plastic tupperware bowl against a black background

Wonder Bowl Women

Leather nametag with gold NASA logo and the name Mae Jemison.

Mae Jemison: The First Female African American Astronaut

Conversation Kit

Let's Talk! Dead Letter Office Blind Reading Album Conversation Kit
Dead Letter Office Blind Reading Album Teaching and Discussion Guide

Grades 9–12. Time: Variable (1–2 class periods, plus at-home work). Aligned to CCSS, National Standards for History and C3 standards.

In this lesson plan, students will use the example of the Postal Service's Dead Letter Office to explore working women throughout American history. Students will answer the question: How has society held, and responded to, contradictory perceptions of women's role in the workforce?


Madam C.J. Walker was suffering from poverty and hair loss when she decided to concoct a hair regrowth lotion to heal her damaged scalp. Fast forward a handful of years and millions of dollars later, Walker was leading one of the most successful, and philanthropic, cosmetic companies to date.

Gardens could be a source of money–and thus, independence–for women one hundred years ago. Learn about how the seed business played a role in women's work, and some early seedswomen in American history.

Kathleen Franz, a curator of work and labor at the National Museum of American History, discusses Gilda Mirós and Isabel Norniella, two Latina trailblazers in advertising and broadcasting.

The legacy of NASA's Mission Control was changed forever when Frances "Poppy" Northcutt joined the team in 1965 to work on the Apollo program. Since then, Poppy has become an example and advocate for women in the workplace.


Bev Grant and Working Women

Bev Grant and Working Women

Songs about work and labor compiled by Meredith Holmgren, Curator of American Women's Music.

Smithsonian American Women book cover.

Smithsonian American Women

Remarkable objects and stories of strength, ingenuity, and vision from the National Collection

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